Keep close to nature's heart….and break clear away, once in a while and climb a mountain or spend a week in the woods. Wash your spirit clean –John Muir
Kodaikanal is one among those places which will wash your spirit clean. It is known for its greenery surrounded with rocks, woods, serene lakes and fresh air. Kodaikanal is also referred to as "The Princess of hill stations".The word Kodaikanal can be split into two words 'kodai' and 'kanal' which in Tamil language means 'gift'and'forest'rendering kodaikanal as 'Gift of the forest'. There are more three possible interpretations in Tamil language regarding the meaning of its name.
Kodaikanal is situated among the curves of the verdant palani hills at an altitude of 2133m surrounded by Parappar and Gundar valleys. Kodaikanal belongs to Dindigul district of Tamilnadu.
'Kurinji-flower' is known as the pride of Kodaikanal; the interesting fact is that it blooms once in 12 years. The hill-plantain fruits and plums known for their freshness and awesome taste is another factor for which one has to visit Kodaikanal.
CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE
Extremes of climate cannot be experienced by anyone in Kodaikanal. The summer season extends from March to May during which the temperature ranges between 11°C to 20°C. The winter season extends from December to February during which the temperature ranges between 8.3°C to 17.3°C. The monsoon extends from June to September. Though Kodaikanal is a pleasant place which can be visited during all seasons, summer and monsoon are the best time to visit Kodaikanal.
Kodaikanal offers a variety of places to visit according to one's preferences. Kodaikanal has Berijam lake, Kodaikanal Lake and The boat club for people who love fresh water and boating. Bryant Park and Coaker's walk for people who love nature walk, Shenbaganur museum for people who love science and facts, Guna cave for people who love mystery and adventure but due to certain tragic incidents in the past entry inside guan cave is restricted, Kurinji Andavar temple for temple lovers, Silver cascade and Bear shoal falls for scenery lovers. These are some of the tourist attractions of Kodaikanal.
Tourists can reach Kodaikanal by means bus, train (nearest train station Kodaikanal Road, which is 80km from Kodaikanal) and the nearest airport is Madurai 120km and Coimbatore 180km. One can never be disappointed with the accommodation facilities available in Kodaikanal. Kodaikanal offers a wide range of hotels, resorts, homestays, private cottages ranging from luxury to medium- economy class, according to your budget and preference.
All together Kodaikanal is a best place to relax and enjoy the beauty of the nature with friends and families.
The artefacts that have been found in the kodaikanal areas dating from early Chera dynasty have proved that the first human habitation in these regions were by the palayar (primitive)tribal people. Some of their relics and artefacts are still preserved in shenbaganur museum. During the 14th century Kannuvar Vellalans from Coimbatore plateau emigrated into kodaikanal, they were the industrious farmers who did agriculture with the tribal people who already existed in Kodaikanal. During 17th and 18th century Kannuvar Vellalans rule was followed by Marathas and Muslims, during their rule, their people struggled from many hardships which forced them to migrate to the Vellagavi hill in Kodaikanal. This led to the first development of the Kodaikanal.
The British Lieutenant B. S. Ward who had his central quarters in Vellagavi was the first westerner to visit Kodaikanal. The missionary people from Europe and America who suffered from the diseases caused by the heat in Tamilnadu wanted to protect themselves from the heat and went to kodaikanal. Impressed by the climate and environment they built their residence there and were the first group of foreigners to settle in kodaikanal. Later in 1853 they built The Anglican Church of St.Peter which is the first church in kodaikanal. Many foreigners built their residence in Kodaikanal and got settled there. They supported in the further development which resulted kodaikanal as one of the best tourist place in India.